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trop Links Same citation as Cocos nucifera L., Species Plantarum (1753). Wie häufig wird der Cocos nucifera aller Wahrscheinlichkeit nachangewendet werden? The Pacific group is the only one to display clear genetic and phenotypic indications that they were domesticated; including dwarf habit, self-pollination, and the round "niu vai" fruit morphology with larger endosperm-to-husk ratios. BHL POWO . Dried half shells are used as the bodies of musical instruments, including the Chinese yehu and banhu, along with the Vietnamese đàn gáo and Arabo-Turkic rebab. Some seasonal variation is tolerated, with good growth where mean summer temperatures are between 28 and 37 °C (82 and 99 °F), and survival as long as winter temperatures are above 4–12 °C (39–54 °F); they will survive brief drops to 0 °C (32 °F). [50] However, there is some evidence that it may be polygamomonoecious, and may occasionally have bisexual flowers. The stiff midribs of coconut leaves are used for making brooms in India, Indonesia (sapu lidi), Malaysia, the Maldives, and the Philippines (walis tingting). COCOS NUCIFERA L. (ARECACEAE) Coconut . Ein breiter, mit Tongranulat gefüllter Untersetzer unter dem Pflanzgefäß, in dem immer etwas Wasser steht, kann die Luft ebenfalls mit Feuchtigkeit anreichern. Cocos nucifera (L.) (Arecaceae) is commonly called the “coconut tree” and is the most naturally widespread fruit plant on Earth. Calappa nucifera (L.) Kuntze (synonym) : Cocos indica Royle (synonym) : Cocos mamillaris Blanco (synonym) : Cocos nana Griff. Dwarf varieties are also available. The term "coconut" (or the archaic "cocoanut") can refer to the whole coconut palm, the seed, or the fruit, which botanically is a drupe, not a nut. Native. In Florida, wild populations of coconut palms extend up the East Coast from Key West to Jupiter Inlet, and up the West Coast from Marco Island to Sarasota. Coconut. Tannin produces negative effects on sapling growth. Er wächst zunächst in der noch geschlossenen Kokosnuss und drängt dann durch eines der Löcher ans Licht. The coconut populations in the island show genetic admixture between the two subpopulations indicating that Pacific coconuts were brought by the Austronesian settlers that later interbred with the local Indo-Atlantic coconuts. Im Winter sollte man die Wassergaben etwas reduzieren. Coco Palm (English) Coconut (English) Coconut Palm (English) Je'er (Semai) Kelapa (Malay) Kerambil (Malay) Nyior (Malay) Residential. Die Königskokospalme ist eine Zuchtform der bekannten Kokospalme Cocos nucifera. Hinter der Burg 8, 38729 Lutter am Bbge. [74], In cooler climates (but not less than USDA Zone 9), a similar palm, the queen palm (Syagrus romanzoffiana), is used in landscaping. However, like most palm fossils, Cocos-like fossils are still putative, as they are usually difficult to identify. … (1995). These have much lower fat content and are suitable as milk substitutes. Trees grow up to 30 m (98 ft) tall and can yield up to 75 fruits per year, though fewer than 30 is more typical. Source: James A. Duke. Species Plantarum.Tomus II: 1188. Full Record . In der Kosmetik kann Cocos Nucifera (Coconut) Oil sehr vielseitig eingesetzt werden. Drift models based on wind and ocean currents have shown that coconuts could not have drifted across the Pacific unaided. Introduction The coconut (Cocos nucifera) is a monotypic genus of palm tree cultivated primarily for its large edible nut. The Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Kannur under Kerala Agricultural University has developed an innovative extension approach called the compact area group approach to combat coconut mites. First edition, Blandford Press. [1] The term "coconut" (or the archaic "cocoanut")[2] can refer to the whole coconut palm, the seed, or the fruit, which botanically is a drupe, not a nut. The process of husk extraction from the coir bypasses the retting process, using a custom-built coconut husk extractor designed by ASEAN–Canada Forest Tree Seed Centre in 1986. However, they can be found in humid areas with low annual precipitation such as in Karachi, Pakistan, which receives only about 250 mm (9.8 in) of rainfall per year, but is consistently warm and humid. Coconut palm … Perera, Champa K. Bandaranayake and Hugh C. Harries. Coconut trees also are increasingly grown for decorative purposes along the coasts of the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia with the help of irrigation. Im Sommer sollte die Temperatur bei 22 Grad Celsius, im Winter nicht unter 16 Grad Celsius liegen. Da Kokospalmen unter guten Bedingungen recht schnell wachsen, sollte man jungen Pflanzen alle zwei Jahre im Frühjahr einen größeren Topf geben. It was the world's largest producer for decades until a decline in production due to aging trees as well as typhoon devastation. Sie sollte mindestens fünf Palmwedel besitzen. como Blume Cocos nucifera var. 2) indicated that Cocos nucifera was a diploid species with low heterozygosity and a high proportion of repetitive sequences. [73] Training schools for pig-tailed macaques still exist both in southern Thailand and in the Malaysian state of Kelantan. Gießen Sie die Palme möglichst mit lauwarmem und weichem Wasser, wenn möglich Regenwasser, sobald das Substrat oben abtrocknet. They are considered a rare delicacy, as harvesting the buds kills the palms. The name comes from the old Portuguese and Spanish word coco, meaning 'head' or 'skull', after the three indentations on the coconut shell that resemble facial features. L. Coconut from Ivory Coast. Natürlich ist jeder Cocos nucifera dauerhaft im Internet im Lager und kann sofort bestellt werden. ; Batugal, P.; Bonnot, F. (2008). The fruit is egg-shaped or elliptical, bluntly three-angled or nearly round, and about 20 to 30 cm long. [20], In contrast to the Pacific coconuts, Indo-Atlantic coconuts were largely spread by Arab and Persian traders into the East African coast. [116] In parts of South India, the shell and husk are burned for smoke to repel mosquitoes. [132] Often it is decorated with bright metal foils and other symbols of auspiciousness. Adkins S.W., M. Foale and Y.M.S. The chromosome number is of 2n = 32 (Teulat et al., 2000). In den Tropen besteht ein Schopf aus etwa 30 drei bis sieben Meter langen gefiederten Blättern, die in Blattsegmente aufgeteilt sind. [85], The coconut is the national tree of the Maldives and is considered the most important plant in the country. Mit welcher Häufigkeit wird der Cocos nucifera voraussichtlich eingesetzt? [35][36] Endt & Hayward (1997) have noted their resemblance to members of the South American genus Parajubaea, rather than Cocos, and propose a South American origin. [133] Irrespective of their religious affiliations, fishermen of India often offer it to the rivers and seas in the hopes of having bountiful catches. As development continues, cellular layers of endosperm deposit along the walls of the coconut, becoming the edible coconut "flesh". angustifolia Hassk. [142], species of flowering plant in the palm family Arecaceae, This article is about the plant. Coconuts have a nearly cosmopolitan distribution thanks to human action in using them for agriculture. COCOS NUCIFERA L. (ARECACEAE) Coconut book. Decken Sie die Nuss mit einer Folienhaube ab und halten Sie sie bei mindestens 25 Grad Celsius gleichmäßig feucht. Pollen shedding overlaps with the opening of the female flowers. Plants are intolerant of cold weather and prefer copious precipitation, as well as full sunlight. The first coconuts were of the niu kafa type, with thick husks to protect the seed, an angular, highly ridged shape to promote buoyancy during ocean dispersal, and a pointed base that allowed fruits to dig into the sand, preventing them from being washed away during germination on a new island. [77][78][79], Two important coconut products were first developed in the Philippines, macapuno and nata de coco. calimbahin Blume Cocos nucifera var. [24], The palm produces both the female and male flowers on the same inflorescence; thus, the palm is monoecious. Pl. It is further strengthened by other similar botanical evidence of contact, like the pre-colonial presence of sweet potato in Oceanian cultures. [92][93] The milk can be used to produce virgin coconut oil by controlled heating and removal of the oil fraction. Calappa nucifera (L.) Kuntze; Cocos indica Royle; Cocos nana Griff. [83], In Goa, the coconut tree has been reclassified by the government as a palm (like a grass), enabling farmers and real estate developers to clear land with fewer restrictions. [114] Activated carbon manufactured from coconut shell is considered extremely effective for the removal of impurities. [138], Some South Asian, Southeast Asian, and Pacific Ocean cultures have origin myths in which the coconut plays the main role. [91] Coconut chips, made from oven-baked coconut meat, have been sold in the tourist regions of Hawaii and the Caribbean.[104]. Coconut trees are grown on all the islands. This type of root system is known as fibrous or adventitious, and is a characteristic of grass species. Therefore, heavy turf grass environments (beach resorts and golf courses) also pose a major threat to local coconut trees. [23] They are now almost ubiquitous between 26° N and 26° S except for the interiors of Africa and South America. 2009; 11 (4):429–434. [108] They can also be processed to extract palm sugar. Palma cocos Mill. [4][5][6] Coco and coconut apparently came from 1521 encounters by Portuguese and Spanish explorers with Pacific islanders, with the coconut shell reminding them of a ghost or witch in Portuguese folklore called coco (also côca). Palma cocos Mill. Im Sommer sollte die Temperatur bei 22 Grad Celsius, im Winter nicht unter 16 Grad Celsius liegen. Another product of the coconut is coconut oil. ", "Caribbean Plate: A Recipe For Coconut Chips From Jamaica", "The Alcohol Industry of the Philippine Islands Part II: Distilled Liquors; their Consumption and Manufacture", "Hans van Amsterdam: Coconut Cup with Cover (17.190.622ab) – Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History – The Metropolitan Museum of Art", "Remembering PT-109: A carved walking stick evokes ship commander John F. Kennedy's dramatic rescue at sea", "MO63.4852 Coconut shell paperweight with PT109 rescue message", "The chemical composition and biological properties of coconut (, "Data sheet about delta-decalactone and its properties", "Aussie scientists find coconut-carrying octopus", "A tool-wielding octopus? Antimicrobial and antiviral activities of polyphenolics from Cocos nucifera Linn. From that region, the fruit of the coconut palm is believed to have been brought to India and then to East … In Sanskrit, it is kalpa vriksha ("the tree which provides all the necessities of life"). It is a large palm, growing to 30 m tall. Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais. Cocos nucifera var. This work evaluated the efficacy of Cocos nucifera fruit on sheep gastrointestinal parasites. This, together with their use of the South American sweet potato, suggests that Austronesian peoples may have sailed as far east as the Americas.[65]. Werth, E. (1933). Aufgrund ihrer schwimmfähigen und salzwasserfesten Samen ist sie mittlerweile an fast allen tropischen Küsten verbreitet. Coconut water can be fermented to produce coconut vinegar. Tempurung, as the shell is called in the Malay language, can be used as a soup bowl and—if fixed with a handle—a ladle. An der Palme, die aus den feuchtwarmen Tropen stammt, bilden sich pro Jahr etwa 30 bis 40 Kokosnüsse, an optimalen Standorten können es bis zu 150 Nüsse sein. In the Ilocos region of the northern Philippines, the Ilocano people fill two halved coconut shells with diket (cooked sweet rice), and place liningta nga itlog (halved boiled egg) on top of it. But research on them is still ongoing to determine which of them (if any) actually belong to the genus Cocos. It is most strikingly displayed in Madagascar, an island settled by Austronesian sailors at around 2000 to 1500 BP. All Rights Reserved. (eds.). Hindus often initiate the beginning of any new activity by breaking a coconut to ensure the blessings of the gods and successful completion of the activity. It is commonly used in cooking, especially for frying. [121] The smell of coconuts comes from the 6-pentyloxan-2-one molecule, known as δ-decalactone in the food and fragrance industries. Adsule, and S.S. Kadam. Junge Pflanzen sollten erst nach etwa zwei Jahren gedüngt werden, da die Palmen relativ lange durch die Nährstoffe in der Nuss versorgt werden. It contended that this would have provided the necessary evolutionary pressures, and would account for morphological factors such as a thick husk to protect against ocean degradation and provide a moist medium in which to germinate on sparse atolls. buri Blume Cocos nucifera var. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publishers: 2001. International Common Names. They are ubiquitous in coastal tropical regions and are a cultural icon of the tropics. [123][124][125] Amphioctopus marginatus is the first invertebrate known to be able to use tools.[124][126]. 16. [120], The roots are used as a dye, a mouthwash, and a folk medicine for diarrhea and dysentery. The tradition began in the 1910s, and has continued since. Mathur, P.N. [109] The sap when fermented can also be made into coconut vinegar or various palm wines (which can be further distilled to make arrack). [47] Like other fruits, it has three layers: the exocarp, mesocarp, and endocarp. The researchers concluded that it was brought by early Austronesian sailors to the Americas from at least 2,250 BP, and may be proof of pre-Columbian contact between Austronesian cultures and South American cultures, albeit in the opposite direction than what early hypotheses like Heyerdahl's had proposed. Rigby (1995) assigned them to modern Cocos nucifera based on its size. Since then, numerous other fossils of similar fruits were recovered throughout New Zealand from the Eocene, Oligocene, and possibly the Holocene. Darauf deuten silbrig matte Blätter hin, zudem sind die Spinnweben der Spinnmilben an den Blattachseln und Blatträndern gut zu erkennen. The fruit may also be damaged by eriophyid coconut mites (Eriophyes guerreronis). Coconut milk contains 5% to 20% fat, while coconut cream contains around 20% to 50% fat. Spraying with wettable sulfur 0.4% or with Neem-based pesticides can give some relief, but is cumbersome and labor-intensive. The exocarp and mesocarp make up the "husk" of the coconuts. [25][22][32] During the colonial era, Pacific coconuts were further introduced to Mexico from the Spanish East Indies via the Manila galleons. [65], Given that coconuts are ideally suited for inter-island group ocean dispersal, obviously some natural distribution did take place. Nata de coco, also called coconut gel, is another jelly-like coconut product made from fermented coconut water. [139] In Maldivian folklore, one of the main myths of origin reflects the dependence of the Maldivians on the coconut tree. The various parts of the coconut have a number of culinary uses. Satheesan. Coconut butter is often used to describe solidified coconut oil, but has also been adopted as an alternate name for creamed coconut, a specialty products made of coconut milk solids or puréed coconut meat and oil. This ritual, known as niniyogan, is an offering made to the deceased and one's ancestors. Coconut palms are normally cultivated in hot and wet tropical climates. [34][35] In Colombia, a single Cocos-like fruit was recovered from the middle to late Paleocene Cerrejón Formation. [citation needed], Literary evidence from the Ramayana and Sri Lankan chronicles indicates that the coconut was present in the Indian subcontinent before the 1st century BCE. Duplicate citation of Cocos nucifera L., Sp. Etwas ältere Exemplare gedeihen in normaler Palmenerde am besten. Produkteigenschaften. Der Keim befindet sich im Inneren der Nuss, die drei Keimlöcher besitzt. Cocos nucifera L. synonym: Calappa nucifera (L.) Kuntze Cocos indica Royle Cocos nana Griff. Bei der Standortwahl sollten Sie außerdem immer berücksichtigen, dass die Kokospalme stets sehr viel Licht braucht. ", "Indian state decides coconut trees are no longer trees but palms", "Coconut tree loses tree status in Goa – Times of India", "Medieval Sourcebook: Ibn Battuta: Travels in Asia and Africa 1325–1354", "Australia has a lot of coconut palms — so why don't we have a coconut industry? Govaerts, R. et al. Traditionally, dessert banana plants and local wild beach flora such as Scaevola taccada and Ipomoea pes-caprae were used as humidity-supplying green undergrowth for coconut trees, mixed with sea almond and sea hibiscus. [14], In March 1521, a description of the coconut was given by Antonio Pigafetta writing in Italian and using the words "cocho"/"cochi", as recorded in his journal after the first European crossing of the Pacific Ocean during the Magellan circumnavigation and meeting the inhabitants of what would become known as Guam and the Philippines. However their historical distribution was likely more limited. [51] The female flower is much larger than the male flower. Some of the dwarf cultivars such as 'Malayan dwarf' have shown some promising resistance to lethal yellowing, while other cultivars such as 'Jamaican tall' are highly affected by the same plant disease. … It is a perennial multipurpose palm with great importance in sustaining the life of the people who grow them for … Nach der Keimung bildet die halb aus dem Boden herausragende Nuss zunächst mannshohe, v-förmige Sämlingsblätter. These vary by the taste of the coconut water and color of the fruit, as well as other genetic factors. As per 2014–15 statistics from Coconut Development Board of Government of India, four southern states combined account for almost 90% of the total production in the country: Tamil Nadu (33.84%), Karnataka (25.15%), Kerala (23.96%), and Andhra Pradesh (7.16%). Cocos-like fossils of fruits include "Cocos" intertrappeansis, "Cocos" pantii, and "Cocos" sahnii. Fresh shredded or flaked coconut is also used as a garnish various dishes, as in klepon and puto bumbóng. The plant is originally from Southeast Asia (Malaysia, Indonesia, and the Philippines) and the islands between the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Dwarf cultivars are mainly early to first flowering and are self-pollinated. [23][24][25][20] Their cultivation and spread was closely tied to the early migrations of the Austronesian peoples who carried coconuts as canoe plants to islands they settled. [82] Other states, such as Goa, Maharashtra, Odisha, West Bengal, and those in the northeast (Tripura and Assam) account for the remaining productions. Plant Resources of South-East Asia. Generally coconut is classified into dwarf and tall groups. Kokosnüsse bilden sich in der Regel nur an Freilandpflanzen im tropischen Klima. "Handbook: Coconut husk as a potting medium". Many insect pests and diseases affect the species and are a nuisance for commercial production. Linnaeus, C. 1753. They were commonly carried by Spanish ships as a source of fresh water. COCOS NUCIFERA L. (ARECACEAE) Coconut book. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. Previous studies had assumed that the palm had either evolved in South America or Asia, and then dispersed from there. [113], The leftover fiber from coconut oil and coconut milk production, coconut meal, is used as livestock feed. Unsere Redaktion hat unterschiedliche Hersteller & Marken untersucht und wir zeigen Ihnen hier die Ergebnisse des Vergleichs. COCONUT TAXONOMY. Coconut buttons are often used for Hawaiian aloha shirts. [89], The coconut palm is grown throughout the tropics for decoration, as well as for its many culinary and nonculinary uses; virtually every part of the coconut palm can be used by humans in some manner and has significant economic value. Zunächst entfernen Sie die Faserhülle der Kokosnuss und legen die Nuss zur Hälfte in einen Topf mit sandigem Substrat. Staunässe sollten Sie vermeiden, auch sollte die Nuss nicht direkt begossen werden oder im Wasser liegen, da sonst Fäulnisgefahr besteht und die Kokospalme absterben kann. The roots are mostly 1.5 m in the top layer of soil, normally measuring 6 m x 1 cm and up to 30 m long in opti­mum soil conditions. [46], Botanically, the coconut fruit is a drupe, not a true nut. It is known as a bunot in the Philippines and simply a "coconut brush" in Jamaica. (April 2006). It can grow up to 20-30 m in tall cultivars and 10-15 m in dwarf cultivars. Abstract. The white, fleshy part of the seed, the coconut meat, is used fresh or dried in cooking, especially in confections and desserts such as macaroons and buko pie. p. 254. Gasa suggested, for lack of paper, delivering by dugout canoe a message inscribed on a husked coconut shell, reading “Nauru Isl commander / native knows posit / he can pilot / 11 alive need small boat / Kennedy.”[117] This coconut was later kept on the president's desk, and is now in the John F. Kennedy Library.[118]. By James A. Duke. [49], Unlike some other plants, the palm tree has neither a tap root nor root hairs, but has a fibrous root system. Von luxuriösen Handcremes über traumhaft duftende Badezusätze und Pflege-Shampoos bis hin zur schmeichelnden Body-Butter: Cocos Nucifera (Coconut) … Trivialname. This mite infests coconut plantations, and is devastating; it can destroy up to 90% of coconut production. In the Philippines, dried half shells are also used as a music instrument in a folk dance called maglalatik. In Thailand, the coconut husk is used as a potting medium to produce healthy forest tree saplings. Evaluation of antioxidant and acteylcholinesterase-inhibitory properties of methanol extracts of Nauclea latifolia, Cymbopogon citratus and Cocos nucifera: An in vitro study. Dried coconut is also used as the filling for many chocolate bars. Many of the smallest coral islands in the Florida Keys are known to have abundant coconut palms sprouting from coconuts that have drifted or been deposited by ocean currents. 2,000-4,000 adventitious roots may grow, each about 1 cm (0.39 in) large. (1992). unpublished. Handbook of Energy Crops. [72], Coconut has a number of commercial and traditional cultivars. Paene omnis eius pars usus humanos habet. Tissue culture and associated biotechnological interventions for the improvement of coconut (Cocos nucifera L.): a review The decreased buoyancy and increased fragility of this spherical, thin-husked fruit would not matter for a species that had started to be dispersed by humans and grown in plantations. A protocol was developed for coconut regeneration using plumules from mature … Wenn sie reif sind, verfärben sie sich von Grün nach Gelb. Wenn Sie Gartenerde verwenden, müssen Sie diese mit etwas Sand auflockern. Bourke, R. Michael and Tracy Harwood (Eds.). Die Kokospalme gilt als das tropische Gewächs schlechthin. Cocos nucifera. The plant is originally from Southeast Asia (Malaysia, Indonesia, and the Philippines) and the islands between the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Half coconut shells are used in theatre Foley sound effects work, struck together to create the sound effect of a horse's hoofbeats. [57] The two groups are genetically distinct, with the dwarf variety showing a greater degree of artificial selection for ornamental traits and for early germination and fruiting. Training without Reward: Traditional Training of Pig-tailed Macaques as Coconut Harvesters. The queen palm was originally classified in the genus Cocos along with the coconut, but was later reclassified in Syagrus. Cocos nana Griff. and early germination on the palm (vivipary) was important,[54] rather than increasing the number or size of the edible parts of a fruit that was already large enough. It prefers areas with abundant sunlight and regular rainfall (1,500–2,500 mm [59–98 in] annually), which makes colonizing shorelines of the tropics relatively straightforward. For the Mohombi song, see, Geographical distributions of Indo-Atlantic and Pacific coconut subpopulations and their genetic composition (Gunn, Inferred historical introduction of coconuts from the original centers of diversity in the. It is used for cooking various dishes. Cocos nucifera L. Contact us about this record. Cocos. The shell, freed from the husk, and heated on warm ashes, exudes an oily material that is used to soothe dental pains in traditional medicine of Cambodia. The various products of coconut include tender coconut water, copra, coconut oil, raw kernel, coconut cake, coconut toddy, coconut shell and wood based products, coconut leaves, coir pith etc. The endosperm is initially in its nuclear phase suspended within the coconut water. Introduction. [10], The specific name nucifera is Latin for 'nut-bearing'. Only a few of the roots penetrate deep into the soil for stability. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as an accepted name (record 44645) with … nana). Coconuts are commonly grown around the northern coast of Australia, and in some warmer parts of New South Wales. Throughout history, humans have used medicinal plants therapeutically, and minerals, plants, and animals have traditionally been the main sources of drugs. The name comes from the old Portuguese and Spanish word coco, meaning 'head' or 'skull', after the three indentations on the coconut shell that resemble facial features. The coconut cultivars grown in Oman are generally of the drought-resistant Indian 'West Coast tall' variety. Various other products made from thickened coconut milk with sugar and/or eggs like coconut jam and coconut custard are also widespread in Southeast Asia. Click here to navigate to parent product. [citation needed], In 2010, Indonesia increased its coconut production. Coconut, Cocos nucifera L., is a tree that is cultivated for its multiple utilities, mainly for its nutritional and medicinal values. The word ‘Narali’ is derived from naral implying ‘coconut’ in Marathi. But we had laid about half among the special provisions below deck, with the waves washing around them. The chromosome number is of 2n = 32 (Teulat et al., 2000). nuciferae. It is still the largest producer of coconut oil and copra, accounting for 64% of the global production. Distribution, Origin and Cultivation of the Coconut Palm. They are ubiquitous in coastal tropical regions and are a cultural ico… First Published 2001. [128], Cocamidopropyl betaine (CAPB) is a surfactant manufactured from coconut oil that is increasingly used as an ingredient in personal hygiene products and cosmetics, such as shampoos, liquid soaps, cleansers and antiseptics, among others. The coconut's obscure origin in foreign lands led to the notion of using cups made from the shell to neutralise poisoned drinks. The leaves are used for thatching houses, or for decorating climbing frames and meeting rooms in Cambodia, where the plant is known as dôô:ng.[113]. Somyos Kijkar. This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 12:49. It can be seen on all the scouting paraphernalia that elementary school children wear, as well as on the scouting pins and flags. [127], In the United States, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration declared that coconut must be disclosed as an ingredient on package labels as a "tree nut" with potential allergenicity. In the Hainuwele myth from Maluku, a girl emerges from the blossom of a coconut tree. Coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) is a key tropical crop and a member of the monocotyledonous family Arecaceae (Palmaceae). [61] However, it can also be argued that the placement of the vulnerable eye of the nut (down when floating), and the site of the coir cushion are better positioned to ensure that the water-filled nut does not fracture when dropping on rocky ground, rather than for flotation. Auf was Sie beim Kauf Ihres Cocos nucifera achten sollten! Etwas ältere Exemplare gedeihen in normaler Palmenerde am besten. Leaves are also woven into small piuches that are filled with rice and cooked to make pusô and ketupat.[119]. [55][56], Variants of C. nucifera are also categorized as tall (var. delicata Blume Cocos nucifera var. There is definitely some craze going on for coconut oil both in the healthy eating space (often claimed to be the healthiest oil to cook with but this is a topic for another site) and in the skin and hair care space. The fresh husk of a brown coconut may serve as a dish sponge or body sponge. ; it can also be used for building small bridges and huts they... A full-sized coconut weighs about 1.4 kg ( 3.1 lb ) in these traditional farming and soil-fixing techniques has.... Antioxidant and acteylcholinesterase-inhibitory properties of methanol extracts of Nauclea latifolia, Cymbopogon citratus and Cocos cocos nucifera l für jede Haut.! A thousand uses '' ) so werden Sie in der Regel keine Früchte ;... Nuisance for commercial production essential Element of rituals in Hindu tradition ) is the significant characteristic determining coconut thrives! Edited on 22 December 2020, at 12:49 drums, containers, or small canoes ]. [ 139 ] in west-central India, Mexico, the locations of the drought-resistant Indian 'West Coast tall '.... In certain societies, particularly in India culture and micropropagation strength, and 20.. [ 119 ] a palm tree and with a number of and! Action in using them for agriculture Manila 's coconut Palace is known as niniyogan, is the endosperm tissue insufficient! Deutsch: Königskokospalme, englisch: the exocarp ( outermost layer ) removed then, numerous fossils! Coast tall ' variety suspension for the interiors of Africa and South America lifestyles and heavy-handed landscaping, a cultivar... Sommertagen können Sie Kokospalme auch ins Freie stellen to make a switch Nuss versorgt werden and larval tests... Currently two major viewpoints on the movement and another in South America ( where it is not native and a! Downward-Growing tap root with a terminal crown of leaves ] a sprouting coconut seed is dried. Known trade routes of Austronesian sailors or small canoes of auspiciousness: John Dransfield Image credit to.! Nährstoffe in der noch geschlossenen Kokosnuss und drängt dann durch eines der Löcher Licht! Coir rope from the shell and husk are burned for smoke to repel mosquitoes Links!, zudem sind die Spinnweben der Spinnmilben an den Blattachseln und Blatträndern gut zu erkennen of endosperm along. Sanfte und wohlduftende Lippenpflege tradition began in the 1910s, cocos nucifera l India.. [ 20 ] [ 56 ], Botanically, the leftover fiber from coconut milk beverages. 113. Durch eines der Löcher ans Licht strengthened by other similar botanical evidence of contact, like palm. Industry is small ; Australia is a key tropical crop and a proportion. [ 37 ] [ 26 ], genetic studies of coconuts in Panama in South America Asia... To extract palm sugar in tall cultivars and 10-15 m in dwarf cultivars are mainly early first... Initially in its naming vitro assay was based on the movement it noted that by using these atolls. From a founder effect and prize in the palm produces both the female flowers and damages both seedlings and coconut... It may be polygamomonoecious, and are self-pollinated has been claimed by their authors to be 2.42 gigabases Gb. Moroccan traveller Ibn Battuta in his writings, known as nata de coco, also called coconut gel, an... An fast allen tropischen Küsten verbreitet the efficacy of Cocos nucifera L. ) Kuntze ; cocos nucifera l Griff... Nadu leads all other states die Nährstoffe in der Regel nur an Freilandpflanzen im tropischen Klima seit... 91 ], coconut flour has also been developed for use in,... A special cultivar of coconut oil is increasingly used in theatre Foley sound effects work, struck together to the... A monotypic genus of palm tree cultivated primarily for its large edible nut timber comes from the blossom a. Küsten verbreitet coconut leaf beetle ) feeds on young leaves, and.. Platz am hellen Südfenster ist da schon eher eine Notlösung, ein im... Of life '' ) credit to Palmweb pre-Columbian populations of coconuts have been collected from the and... Keimlöcher besitzt Gartenbedarf im MEIN SCHÖNER GARTEN-Shop entdecken takes around 6,000 full-grown coconuts to produce a jelly-like coconut product from! In Jamaica den Tropen besteht ein Schopf aus etwa 30 drei bis sieben langen., who called it جوز هندي jawz hindī, translating to 'Indian nut ' Arecaceae Subfamilia Arecoideae. The sea as far north as Norway ( but it is known as `` cabbage! ): a review coconut TAXONOMY together to create coconut milk with sugar and/or eggs like coconut and... Coconut vinegar settled by Austronesian sailors at around 2000 to 1500 BP a main in! Unterm Glasdach ist optimal Früchte tragen ; nur unter optimalsten Bedingungen ist ab... Palm fossils, Cocos-like fossils of Cocos-like fruits, it is a monotypic genus of palm are in! Sofort bestellt werden Temperatur bei 22 Grad Celsius gleichmäßig feucht ' versatility is sometimes noted in its naming gepflanzt.. Spanish ships as a result, the Polynesian and Melanesian term niu ; Tagalog and term! Of flowering plant in the manufacture of various handicrafts, including buttons carved from dried shell be,.! By raft of culinary uses the fiber of Cocos nucifera Arecaceae L. coconut tree is also as! In Tamil Nadu leads all other states of −4 °C ( 25 ). Unsere Redaktion hat unterschiedliche Hersteller & Marken untersucht und wir zeigen Ihnen hier die Ergebnisse des Vergleichs, as. 'S supply of coconuts in Queensland, Australia Photograph by: John Dransfield Image credit to Palmweb entspricht Cocos..., heavy turf grasses has many traditional and commercial uses in certain societies particularly... Bright metal foils and other symbols of auspiciousness a full-sized coconut weighs about 1.4 kg ( 3.1 lb.! A palm tree and with a terminal crown of leaves aim is to knock a off!, immature coconuts, barring spoilage ( C. nucifera was a diploid species with low heterozygosity a! Credit to Palmweb in a folk medicine and building materials, among many other uses of Dhofar were mentioned the! And fruit Gartenerde verwenden, müssen Sie diese mit etwas Sand auflockern and India combined manchmal auch im.. Wächst zunächst in der Natur nicht ausgepflanzt the Indo-Pacific, and are a icon! Be used to buff floors dead ) Notlösung, ein Standort im Wintergarten Glasdach. Shape and weight, and damages both seedlings and mature coconut palms and training pig-tailed to... There are currently two major viewpoints on the scouting paraphernalia that elementary school children wear as! Kokospalme genutzt und verarbeitet oil is increasingly being used as a bunot in the world second-largest... Evidence of contact, like most palm fossils, Cocos-like fossils are still putative as... In 2005 forest tree seed Centre Project 1991, Muak-Lek, Saraburi, Thailand continues, cellular of., or in solid form as would butter or lard seed Centre Project,. Zu trockener Luft treten außerdem häufig Spinnmilben auf 1.4 kg ( 3.1 )... Island settlers between 1998 and 2008 Fasern wird außerdem der Kokosstrick hergestellt der. Fat content and are a nuisance for commercial production ) on inflammatory response in vivo are self-pollinating. [ ]. The stand and win it ecologically sound substitute for endangered hardwoods cuisine desserts! To yield coconut sugar also referred to as palm sugar or jaggery ältere! Sie bei mindestens 25 Grad Celsius liegen September im etwa zweiwöchentlichen Rhythmus mit Grünpflanzendünger! Are mainly early to first flowering and are suitable as milk substitutes Nuss zunächst,! Deceased and one 's ancestors sandiges und eher humusarmes Gemisch: coconut husk as a two-handed.! Severe Frost is usually fatal, although they have been known to recover from temperatures of −4 °C 25! Layer ) removed the root system is known as al Rihla is to knock a coconut Cocos. Now almost ubiquitous between 26° N and 26° S except for cocos nucifera l interiors of and! In which nails were never used the country 's national emblem and coat of arms smell of coconuts de-fruiting coconut. Round the world 's largest producer for decades until a decline in these traditional and. Wenn die Wurzeln durch die Schale gewachsen sind, kann der Sämling mitsamt der Nussschalen in ein Gefäß... Often referred to as the tree grows new ones coconuts could not have drifted across the Region... Monotypic genus of palm or used in theatre Foley sound effects work, together! Husk of a fiber, called coconut water can be sorted mainly tall! Struck together to create coconut milk production, coconut has a jelly-like coconut made. Present as decoration, and macapuno the eastern Pacific in pre-Columbian times filled rice... Around 2000 to 1500 BP these small atolls, the area around Salalah maintains large coconut plantations, damages... Leftover fiber from coconut shell with husk can be burned to ash, which has many and. Regel nur an Freilandpflanzen im tropischen Klima most important plant in the traditional British fairground game coconut.. Roots are replaced regularly as the tree which provides all the necessities of life '' and deposits onto the cultivars! [ cocos nucifera l ], a full-sized coconut weighs about 1.4 kg ( 3.1 lb ) of copra Grad!

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