what is potassium in the body
In North America, however, the average man consumes approximately 3 grams and the average woman less than 2.5 grams of potassium per day. A temporary decrease in potassium may not cause any symptoms. Interestingly, a potassium-rich diet is linked to many powerful health benefits. Supplements are mostly effective if your kidneys are in good shape. However, people who suffer from a potassium deficiency may receive a prescription from their doctor for a higher-dose supplement. Here’s our process. The next question is what electrolytes do? There are different treatments for imbalanced potassium levels that depend on if your levels are too high or too low. Potassium carries proven health benefits. Learn more about the potential benefits and…. Severe cases can lead to death. Potassium is necessary for the normal functioning of all cells. It’s also uncommon to get too much potassium. Both situations are serious and can be life threatening. This may happen with chronic vomiting, chronic diarrhea or in other situations in which you’ve lost a lot of water (44). However, taking in too much can cause temporary or long-term health problems. There are steps you can take to keep your potassium levels safe. What is potassium and how do we use it? Consuming too little potassium can lead to serious health issues. Water retention happens when excess fluid builds up inside the body. Both low and high blood levels can affect nerve impulses by altering the voltage of nerve cells (6, 14). Potassium is the eighth or ninth most common element by mass (0.2%) in the human body, so that a 60 kg adult contains a total of about 120 g of potassium. Your doctor may also order an electrocardiogram of your heart and an arterial blood gas test to measure pH levels in your body. Hoping to finally put your back pain to bed? Potassium is an important electrolyte of the body and as with other electrolytes, the optimum concentration of potassium is required for healthy physiological functions. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. For low potassium levels, a doctor may prescribe the mineral in supplement form. It helps regulate fluid balance, muscle contractions and nerve signals. Potassium is a chemical element (symbol K) that creates a positive charge when mixed with water, classifying it as an electrolyte. Low potassium and magnesium can also contribute to increased blood pressure. Those who consumed the most had systolic blood pressure that was 6 mmHg lower and diastolic blood pressure that was 4 mmHg lower, on average (20). This special property allows it to conduct electricity, which is important for many processes throughout the body. So, what is the specific role of potassium in the human body? Check out our list of the best adjustable mattresses of the year for back pain. Potassium is present in all body tissues and is required for normal cell function because of its role in maintaining intracellular fluid volume and transmembrane electrochemical gradients [ 1, 2 ]. Here’s how much potassium you can get from eating a 3.5-ounce (100-gram) serving of foods rich in this mineral (37). Once inside your body, it functions as an electrolyte. However, a person can get high blood pressure by consuming too much sodium and not enough potassium. According to the National Academies' Food and Nutrition Board, an adequate intake of potassium is 4.7 grams per day. Potassium is an essential mineral that does marvels for your body if consumed in suggested quantities. Potassium is an essential micro-mineral in the body. Simply put, there’s an equal balance of electrolytes outside and inside your cells. It regulates the heartbeat, ensures proper function of the muscles and nerves, and is vital for synthesizing protein and metabolizing carbohydrates. High level of potassium in the blood is known as hyperkalemia while the low level is termed as hypokalemia. A stroke occurs when there is a lack of blood flow to the brain. Moreover, a huge variety of foods consists of potassium. Potassium helps your body in 6 ways. We include products we think are useful for our readers. Roughly 98% of the potassium in your body is found in your cells. Some examples of the various names that potassium can be found under include: K-Tab, Klor-Con, Klor-Con M, and Micro-K. What are the differences between the various types of tablets and capsules? What Does Potassium Do for Your Body? © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. Potassium is an important electrolyte of the body and as with other electrolytes, the optimum concentration of potassium is required for healthy physiological functions. Jaquith Last Modified Date: August 19, 2020 Potassium plays a number of important roles in the human body, but is perhaps most commonly credited with helping facilitate muscle movement and tone, particularly where the heart is concerned. 2015 10). High blood pressure affects nearly one in three Americans (17). The condition high potassium is also known as hyperkalemia. Potassium is abundant in many whole foods, especially fruits, vegetables and fish. These messages are delivered in the form of nerve impulses and help regulate your muscle contractions, heartbeat, reflexes and many other body functions (12). When there is a necessary electrolyte used for the human body contains 98 % of that soft... The potassium level below 3.5 mEq/L muscle tissues, and it … low and! And 40 % of this water is found in red blood cells, while a deficiency of potassium the... High sodium levels can elevate blood pressure and helps build strong bones of... 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