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Jew and Gentile are not changed in race, nor amalgamated in blood, but they are “one” in point of privilege and position toward God. This is in harmony with Paul"s emphasis on spiritual realities that marks Ephesians. This is to give the here the sense of something that fences in or encloses, which it occasionally has (Soph., Åd. The sing. Ephesians 2:8-10: 8 For by grace you have been saved through faith. ], "This new institution [the church] does not dissolve ethnic distinctions, but displays reconciliation, with every believer equally qualified to share in the benefits of salvation and peace that emerge from the uniting of Jews and Gentiles into a new living community.". It is not simply “He,” but “He Himself”—“He truly,” or “He and none other.” Winer, § 22, 4, b. At one time, *Greek leaders had ruled Ephesus.Now the *Romans ruled the city. . Any social usage, national peculiarity, or religious exclusiveness, which hedges round one race and shuts out all others from its fellowship, may be called a “middle wall of partition;” and such was the Mosaic law. Early Christians spoke of themselves as a "third race" or a "new race", no longer Jewish, and no longer Gentile (Bruce p. 296) (Galatians 3:28). The Jewish historian records that on this wall was inscribed the prohibition- μὴ δεῖν ἀλλόφυλον ἐντὸς τοῦ ἁγίου παρεῖναι. (1-10) The Ephesians called to reflect on their state of heathenism. Ephesians 4:6-13 The Plains of Peace. By … âAnd brake downâ: To destroy, loosen, or dissolve. Here, as the next sentence shows, the peace especially in view is that between Jew and Gentile,— : who made both one. Here, Paul explains how the gospel extends hope, promise, and a relationship with God to Jews and Gentiles alike. 15 that is, the Law of commandments with its decrees. (127) To subdue this pride, he tells them that they and the Gentiles have been united into one body. "When Ephesians 2:14 says Christ is our peace, it means that Jesus is the source of restored relationships, not only between an individual and God but also between individuals. á¼¡Î¼á¿¶Î½, á½ ÏÎ¿Î¹Î®ÏÎ±Ï Ïá½° á¼Î¼ÏÏÏÎµÏÎ± á¼Î½, ÎºÎ±á½¶ Ïá½¸ Î¼ÎµÏÏÏÎ¿Î¹ÏÎ¿Î½ ÏÎ¿á¿¦ ÏÏÎ±Î³Î¼Î¿á¿¦ Î»ÏÏÎ±Ï, and broke down the middle wall of the partition, Î¼ÎµÏÏÏÎ¿Î¹ÏÎ¿Î½ ÏÎ¿á¿¦ ÏÏÎ±Î³Î¼Î¿á¿¦, Who hath broken downâwho hath abolished, and. the used even of the relation between Christ and God in John 10:16, and for the unity here in view, cf.Romans 10:12; 1 Corinthians 12:13; Galatians 3:28; Colossians 3:11.— : and broke down the middle wall of the partition. peace. It is not only that the peace was made by Christ and ranks as His achievement, but that it is so identified with Him that were He away it would also fail,—so dependent on Him that apart from Him we cannot have it. He now stopped working with and though the Jews and Judaism primarily (though temporarily, cf. He is Our Peace. And there is also the wall between God and lost man. Ephesians 2:14-22 14 For He Himself is our peace, who has made both one, and has broken down the middle wall of separation, 15 having abolished in His flesh the enmity, that is, the law of commandments contained in ordinances, so as to create in Himself one new man from the two, thus making peace, A wide distinction was thus made, when the one class were âfellow-citizens and of the householdâ (Ephesians 2:19) of the Church, and the other were foreigners. He now includes Jews in the privilege of reconciliation, and shows that, through one Messiah, all are united to God. Win.-Moult., p. 545). âWho made both oneâ: Jesus made believing Jews and Gentiles into one people. And you He made alive: The words He made alive are in italics, which indicates that they are added to the text but implied from the context. There is also the thought of the wall between Jew and Gentile. They are going to rot, no matter how nice you make the process begin so why not move on with the process at the earliest possible opportunity? Ephesians 2:14 For He is our Peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition. Reconciliation - Ephesians 2:11 -22 Manifold Mystery - Ephesians 3 Unity of the Church - Ephesians 4:1-10 Building the Body - Ephesians 4:10-16 Old Man, New Man - Ephesians 4:17-32 Imitation of God - Ephesians 5:1-14 Wives, Submit Yourselves - Ephesians 5:15 – 33 Children and Slaves - Ephesians 6:1 – 9 Armor of God - Ephesians 6:10 – 24 The former clause began the explanation of how Christ became our Peace. So thus He has made the two one.” And this harmony is effected in the following way-, καὶ τὸ μεσότοιχον τοῦ φραγμοῦ λύσας—“and broke down the middle wall of partition”-paries intergerinus. The cheapest method to dispose of the body is the good steward"s duty, not the terribly expensive funerals and caskets and flowers that are dying themselves by the way. Only here. Ephesians 2:3 Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, … They are just not quite as far along in the process. There is no proof that such a wall ever received this appellation. The work of Christ allows all peoples equal entrance into the presence of God without need of works or keeping of the law. Grudem, Wayne. Christ was our peace - He brought peace between all parties. Personal opinion here, but I really cannot understand the expense Christians go to in giving their loved ones a big send off. Ephesians 2:14. : for He is our Peace. What a naive idea. Therefore, the “covenants of the promise” mentioned in Ephesians 2:12 could have included the oath … neut. (21) In him the whole building is joined together and grows into a holy temple for the Lord. But even this is questionable, and all the more so as the wall was still standing at the time when this was written. We’re looking, for three weeks, at this passage about the church. —Not by abolishing race distinctions in the physiological man, but by abolishing old antagonisms, and creating a new unity in Christian brotherhood. The figure employed by Chrysostom is very striking:—“He does not mean that He has elevated us to that high dignity of theirs, but He has raised both us and them to one still higher. The common myth of the 60"s was that "peace" happens when we remove all the rules and allow people to do anything they want to. The Gentiles come directly, and the wall being removed, so do the Jews. ‘There was there a court of the Gentiles (Acts 21:28), though only in later times, in the last temple; a vail which separated like a wall, rent first at the death of the Redeemer’ (Braune). NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: EPHESIANS 2:1-10 1 And you were dead in your trespasses and sins, 2 in which you formerly walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, of the spirit that is now working in the sons of disobedience. There is now no enmity on the part of God, for it was a "legal" enmity. But the removal of the cause of the war brings about peace, first really and then experimentally. (Ephesians 2:14) For he is our peace; in his fl esh he has made both groups into one and has broken down the dividing wall, that is, the hostility between us. the law of commandments contained in ordinances, having done away the law of decretory commandments, εἰ πρῶτος ἐξ ἀναστάσεως νεκρῶν φῶς μέλλει καταγγέλλειν τῷ τε λαῷ κ, peace to you who were far off, and peace to those. The enmity of the law can also be considered those prejudicial things that were expressed in prohibitions that separated Israel from other peoples and nations. 4. That explanation is continued in this clause and in the following. âPeaceâ: Christ enables us to have peace with God and peace with each other, even peace with former enemies. This explains how he ‘made both one,’ namely, in that He broke down, etc. Those in America and Israel that are trying to rebuild the temple by their own efforts. The riches of God's grace towards men, shown from their deplorable state by nature, and the happy change Divine grace makes in them. Bounds were thus fixed by God to separate one people from the rest; and hence arose the enmity which is here mentioned. 14.For he is our peace. This wasabout 61 years after the birth of Christ. Flavius Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews, 15:11:5; ibid, The Wars of the Jews, 5:5:2. Ephesians 2:14-15. Talmud. Sin has not only made us enemies to God; but made God an enemy to us. Ephesians: An Exegetical Commentary. This is stated in the Song of Moses: âWhen the Most High divided to the nations their inheritance, when he separated the sons of Adam, he set the bounds of the people according to the number of the children of Israel: for the Lordâs portion is his people, Jacob is the lot of his inheritance.â (Deuteronomy 32:8). So that, with many expositors, we are inclined to think that the apostle used a graphic and intelligible figure, without special allusion to any part of the architecture of the temple, unless perhaps to the vail. xv. (14) He (Himself) is our peace.âThere is clearly allusion, as to the many promises in the Old Testament of the âPrince of Peaceâ (Isaiah 9:5-6, et al. It is doubtful, too, whether Paul had in view here any material partition with which he was familiar. The ἡμῶν cannot, as Locke supposes, refer to converted Gentiles, but to Jew and Gentile alike. Compare Isaiah 9:6; Isaiah 52:7; Isaiah 53:5; Isaiah 57:19. During this state of hostility and warfare, as there is no real, so there can be no felt or enjoyed peace. Israel was in a special state until the cross; there was a barrier between them and God, which only the cross could deal with. He repealed the law code that had become so clogged with fine print and footnotes that it hindered more than it helped. (1) Christians are alive from the dead. [Note: Idem, ""The New Man" as Community in Colossians and Ephesians," in Integrity of Heart, Skillfulness of Hands, p161.]. When my brother died, I found that he had become involved in this movement to some extent or another. The figures may have been suggested by the Jewish temple. The gen. is not a mere equivalent to an adject. The ‘hedge’ was the whole Mosaic economy which separated between Jews and Gentiles, but which, as Ephesians 2:15-16 indicate, also separated both from God, by convincing of guilt and sin. âForâ: âHe is strongly emphatic. Ant. See 1 John 3:8. middle wall. Dismissing the opinion of Wagenseil, that it refers to the vail hung up before a royal or a bridal chamber; and that of Gronovius, that it signifies such partitions as in a large city, inhabited by persons of different nations, divide their respective boundaries, very much as the Jewish Ghetto is walled off in European capitals-we may mention the popular view of many interpreters, that the allusion is to the wall or parapet which in Herod's temple severed the court of the Jews from that of the Gentiles. When I see mummies of the distant past I am interested due to history, but I also am humored at the ploys of man to make the old pile of dust last longer than the manufacturer designed it to last. Ephesians 2:14. Nor could the heathen party in the Ephesian church be supposed to be conversant with the plan of the sacred fane in Jerusalem. It could scarcely be the veil of the Temple that was rent at the Crucifixion; for that veil did not serve to separate the Gentile from the Jew. This verse is a strong testimony to the fact that with the death of Jesus Christ God began dealing with humankind on a different basis than He had in the past. Therefore, unless the Jews admit the Gentiles to fellowship with them, they have no friendship with God. The death of Jesus Christ does not do away with law but with enmity. God is pleased to choose and sanctify the Jewish people, by freeing them from the ordinary pollution of mankind. Ephesians 2 Commentary; Ephesians 2:4-6 The Psalm of Ascension; Ephesians 2:10 "Created in Him" The Church; HEINRICH A W MEYER - Critical and Exegetical Commentary. Always remember that the Law of Moses was good (Romans 7:12), that is served a very necessary purpose (Galatians 3:21-24). They aren"t there to send, they are long gone folks - read the Bible. Our peace; the author and ground of our peace-peace in the widest sense: first, between man and God, verses Ephesians 2:16-18; and then, as a consequence of this, between Jews and Gentiles, verses Ephesians 2:14-15. John 14:27; John 20:19, John 20:21, John 20:26. hath broken down = having destroyed. From Death to Life. Ephesians 2:14-22 Christ our Reconciler . Trying to assess the sources of these problems is usually futile and attempting to fix blame for them is only to erect greater wallsâ (Caldwell p. 95). Ephesians 2:14-22 “He does not mean that He has raised us to that high dignity of theirs, but He has raised both us and them to one still higher.” –John Chrysostom . Luke 2:14. Paul wrote to believers who were made alive by God’s work. Made both one—Not by abolishing race distinctions in the physiological man, but by abolishing old antagonisms, and creating a new unity in Christian brotherhood. Ephesians 2:14-15-19-22 MSG The Messiah has made things up between us so that we’re now together on this, both non-Jewish outsiders and Jewish insiders. For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition between us; He - Greek, 'Himself,' and none else. The Law was designed to keep the nation of Israel from being assimilated into other cultures before the Messiah came. 10 For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which … Not “hath made,” but “made,” with reference to the definite act of His death, as suggested by the . It is, as de Wette calls it, the genitive of subject or possession-the middle wall which belonged to the fence or was an essential part of it. âThe middle wall of partitionâ: âThe barrier of the dividing wallâ (NASV). To understand this passage, two things must be observed. On the latter view of the gen. the (a word found only this once in the NT and of rare occurrence elsewhere) becomes the more definite and specific term, the the more general, the former being, indeed, a part of the latter. âDivisiveness is a constant characteristic of every community without Christâ (Stott p. 96) (Titus 3:3). It returns to dust, so why prolong the process with all the tactics of modern mummification and preparations for the departed. God always loved his people in Christ; and as he is unchanging and unchangeable, he never could or did hate them. He had told me only a year or two earlier that there was to be no expense in getting him into the ground. It seems clear from the next verse that the middle wall under consideration was the Law of Moses. 'The temple was a material embodiment of the law; its outward structure a symbol of spiritual distinctions' (Ellicott). Put all these things together, and you will frame the following syllogism: If the Jews wish to enjoy peace with God, they must have Christ as their Mediator. 13 But now in Christ Jesus, you that used to be so far off have been brought close, by the blood of Christ.. 14 For he is the peace between us, and has made the two into one entity and broken down the barrier which used to keep them apart, by destroying in his own person the hostility,. Luke 14:23 (hedge). And when we believe in the Son of God, and receive the atonement by his precious blood, then there is no enmity on OUR side; for the goodness, mercy, and love of God melt the heart into the sweetest humility, affection, and love to and before him. He did this in his flesh, by his own blood, or the sacrifice he made of his flesh on the cross. âHe has not brought Gentiles into a society of Jews, nor Jews into a society of Gentiles. He hath abolished the enmity in His flesh; And broke down the middle wall of the partition. For. And broke down the middle wall of the partition. ‘Peace’ is here to be taken in its widest sense, as the complex idea of peace between God and man, and between Jews and Gentiles. Cf. Nowhere in the Word are we told to pattern the church after Israel, nowhere in the Word are we told to pattern our lives after Judaism, and nowhere in the Word are we told to stir the Old and New into one big pot of slime called Messianic Christianity. Ephesians 4:17-32 Living the New Life . The , therefore, is epexegetic = to wit, or in that (cf. By extending the privilege of adoption beyond the limits of Judea, Christ has now made us all to be brethren. Whether âthe middle wall of the hedgeâ refers to the wall separating the court of the Gentiles from the Temple proper (Jos. Ephesians 3:14-21 That Christ May Dwell . “He Himself,” says Olshausen, followed by Stier, “in His essence is peace.” Yet we question if this be the apostolic idea, for the apostle illustrates in the following verses, not the essence, but the operations of Christ. âHeâ: He and no other. καί is explanatory of the foregoing clause, and precedes a description of the mode in which “both were made one.” Winer, § 53, 3, obs.We see no reason to take the genitive- τοῦ φραγμοῦ-as that of apposition; nor could we, with Piscator, change the clause into τὸν φραγμὸν τοῦ μεσοτοίχου. But Christ will not be their peace in any other way than by making them one body with the Gentiles. And breaking down the middle wall of partition. “Christ died for the Gentiles as well as the Jews! gen. or gen. of identity, = “the middle wall that is (or, consists in) the partition,” or (b) the posses. The Gentiles are set aside. Prior to the coming of Jesus, the Jewish people considered Gentiles to be unclean and inferior. This seems improbable since that wall still stood and divided Jews and Gentiles when Paul wrote this epistle. It might rather be (as Anselm, Bengel, and many more have thought) the wall or screen that divided the court of the Gentiles from the sanctuary proper, and of which Josephus tells us that it bore an inscription forbidding any Gentile from penetrating further (Jew. Peace is between friends, not between foes. The first Christians were Jews, and the church required male Gentile converts to submit to circumcision. Ephesians 3:1-6 The Mystery . And the allusion must have been very inapposite, because at the time the epistle was written, that wall was still standing, and was not broken down till eight years afterwards. For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition [between us]; More theology coming at cha. We, the church are not under the law, nor are we under the promise; we are under the cross as is all Israel. [Note: Bock, p314.]. αὐτὸς γάρ ἐστιν ἡ εἰρήνη ἡμῶν—“For He is our peace.” γάρ introduces the reason of the previous statement. And broke down the middle wall of the partition. The Mosaic law was often named by the Rabbins a hedge- סְיָגּ. λύσας—“Having pulled down,” is a term quite in unison with the figure. [Note: Idem, ""The New Man" as Community in Colossians and. But when the law was fulfilled, and all the breaches of it atoned for by the obedience and death of his dear Song of Solomon, then this law enmity was removed, and the anger of God against sin and the sinner pacified. The figure is a natural one. In others words, He began a new dispensation or administration in His dealings with humanity. That is to say, the is the whole system of things that kept Jew and Gentile apart, and the is the thing in the system that most conspicuously divided them, and that constituted the “enmity,” viz., the Law. gen., = “the wall pertaining to the partition”. One must wonder why the Jews do not see this. Peace itself, objectively, and its Author (1 Thessalonians 5:23. EXHORDIUM Paul goes to great length to assure the Ephesians that they have full privileges in God through Jesus Christ. There is a little thought, in my mind of that which keeps the lost from God, and that would be valid here, but specifically Paul is talking about the wall that kept the Gentiles from the Jewish relationship to God. 14.Our peace—A triangular peace between Jew and Gentile, and between both and God. See Ephesians 2:20-22 (printed below) You are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, with Christ Jesus himself being the cornerstone. The first receives fullest illustration, as it fell more immediately within the scope of the apostle's design. I’ve been upon the mountain tops of glory and delight. There is nothing in the Word to indicate that there is any significance to the human body after it ceases to live. This, though alluded to, was but a symbol of the partition itself-namely, "the enmity" between "both" and God (Ephesians 2:15), the real cause of separation from God, and so the mediate cause of their separation from one another. The reunion of Jew and Gentile is described in close connection with the breaking down of âthe middle wall of the partitionâ (or, hedge). Zechariah 9:10. There was a balustrade of stone which separated the court of the Gentiles from the holy place, which it was death for a Gentile to pass. The middle wall; the ceremonial law, which, till the death of Christ, separated Jews and Gentiles. Expository Bible Studies: Ephesians Expository Bible Studies: Ephesians 2:14-22 PDF Expository Bible Studies: Ephesians 2:14-22. I will give you an illustration. The enmity of the law concerns the penalties that come with the law, for a law always has penalties. For He Himself is our peace, who made both groups into one and broke down the barrier of the dividing wall, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition between us. Antiq. To understand this verse we must discover what dividing wall Paul had in mind. The latter is based upon the former, and the Apostle gives prominence now to the one, and again to the other, but here necessarily includes both in the phrase, ‘our peace.’ How He is our peace is specified in what follows (down to the close of Ephesians 2:17). A couple things might come to mind. He is our peace. His title, "Shiloh," means the same (Genesis 49:10). Grudem argues that the designation, ‘prophet’, had taken on a broad currency in the New Testament period and was used broadly to refer to the pagan ‘prophet’ through to the secular poet. With his own body of flesh, he brought us peace by breaking down the wall of The Law, which like the, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, John Eadie's Commentary on Galatians, Ephesians, Colossians and Philippians, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Commentary by J.C.Philpot on select texts of the Bible, Stanley Derickson - Notes on Selected Books.
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